Contrary to appearances, acne doesn’t concern teenagers only. This skin condition and scarring bother 20 and 30-year-olds. It’s good to know, then, how to get rid of the spots, pigmentation marks, and acne scars yet most of all how to prevent them.
Acne, or the disease of modern society
Acne used to affect only young people at the beginning of adolescence. The hormonal imbalance caused the appearance of pimples and imperfections but the problem would pass when the hormonal balance was restored.
These days, acne is more bothersome and doesn’t just fade alone, plus it affects adults too. It is caused by various factors, including environmental pollution, stressful and busy life, eating habits changes (usually bad).
Naturally, acne entails scars that we are left with.
Atrophic acne scars
Acne is a skin condition caused by inflammation. Our immune system fights it off and promotes healing of damaged skin tissue.
The key thing is to perform the treatment properly! The order is crucial; first, we need to eliminate bacteria from the skin and banish the inflammation to get rid of the cause of acne.
If you don’t do that, the healing process will be disturbed because new tissue, which is formed during the repair process, will have improper structure: the unwanted acne scars, or atrophic scars, appear. Their size and depth depends on the intensity of acne and the degree of disturbed skin healing.
Scars vs hyperpigmentation marks
Let’s say how to tell acne scars and acne hyperpigmentation spots apart. They do differ!
- Hyperpigmentation acne mark is a red or dark spot that appears after a pimple heals. This is the last stage of healing and may last even for a few months but it always fades.
- Acne scars are formed when skin is permanently damaged. They are often raised or – just the opposite – pitted, and have different sizes and colors.
How to prevent post-acne scars?
There are a couple of remedies we can use to save the face from acne scars. The most effective way is obviously the suitable acne skin care routine: cleansing, moisturizing, exfoliating, and eliminating inflammation to get rid of the biggest problem.
Chemical peels and mild microdermabrasion work very well. You can get them done in the form of prevention once a month. Add a suitable diet – healthy, varied, rich in vitamins and antioxidants, and obviously not too spicy.
Remember that drying skin out is the worst thing to do while fighting acne. This type of skin requires moisturizing as well. If it doesn’t receive moisture, the sebum glands go crazy so the skin is more oily and acne develops. So, moisturizing products are a must if you want to prevent acne scars as well as acne itself.
How to get rid of acne scars?
If you failed to prevent acne scars, don’t worry. There are some treatments you can use to remedy the situation.
Laser therapy produces the best effects and handles scars effortlessly. You can try copper bromide laser or LED light therapy. Both treatments are effective but designed for different types of skin conditions. If you go to a pro salon, a cosmetologist will definitely choose the best one for your skin.